Music scales are the
structures that make up which notes are used and how chords are
constructed within all the key signatures.
Now that sounds like a lot of things to consider.
It is! Yet it can be conquered with ease.
By taking a step through the process of
scale systems are built you will have the fundamental knowledge
necessary to work with any key signature and any chord you want to
Let's dig into types of scales.
Types of Scales
There are several types of music scales they are listed here
- Major Scale
Minor Scale (harmonic, natural or relative,
Diminished and Polytonal Scale
- Whole tone and Pentatonic
Blues and Gospel Scale
- There are others but that's for advanced theory
we will wait to explore
Constructing Music Theory Scales
We use the 12 notes with their corresponding sharps and flats
to build a music scale. Using the keyboard section below and we will
touch on two scales quickly before diving into the other scale
The music theory scales are developed mathematically using whole,
minor third steps.
If we assign a numeric value to each note, each music scale will use
numbers 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 and you will have one of each in
Here is the example of a C Major Scale using each note. The 8
represents the octave or our tonic tone repeated an eighth interval up.
2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7 + 8
+ D + E + F + G + A + B + C
Notation for exploring scales.
W = whole step: such as C to D
H = Half Step: as in C to C#
m3 = minor 3rd which is a whole and a half step together: C to Eb
We will use the S to indicate the 'Start'
position or tonic root, then add the steps to construct a scale.
The Chromatic scale is produced using all half steps and uses
all 12 notes. This is the most basic of all scales. It is Used to make
of fill in special applications to move from one point to another.
H - H - H - H - H - H - H - H -
H - H - H
C# - D - D# - E - F - F# - G - G# - A - A# - B - C
Exploring more Music Theory Scales
This intro gets you started and primed to study the scales.
Learning scales is intimidating for the beginning
Don't let them get the best of you.
It Down Cold Key and Scale Workshop easily leads
you through the process step by step.
Get the Full Music Theory Course to master essential music theory.