7 Kinds of Sevenths That Add Character to Songs
Seventh Chords are used to to create hip sounds with the music. The four chords discussed at Music Theory Chords can all have a 7th interval added to create a new sound.
There are 7 kinds of sevenths when you can create by adding major and minor 3rds.
Why only seven and not eight? It seems like Karma to have seven kinds of sevens.
Types of Seventh Chords
Going back to the original chords we have the option of adding the scale interval of minor 7 and major 7 to the chords. However, For the augmented chord only a major 7 can be added, that is because a minor 3rd added to the chord is the major 7.
Major Chord Sevenths
There are two major chord sevenths each called a specific name. The dominant seventh (C7 for C dominant 7) and the major seventh (CM7 for C major 7). Notice how the notes will still be on either all lines or all spaces on the staff.
The Major Chord Dominant Seventh is the addition of the minor 3rd to the chord, that is a minor 7th (b7). Here is how this chord is mathematically.
Major Chord Dominant 7th ; C7 Intervals: 1 3 5 b7 Half Steps: S + 4 + 3 + 3 Notes for C7: C E G Bb
The Major Chord Major Seventh chords uses 4 half steps to add the major seventh (M7).
Major Chord : Major 7th ; CM7 Intervals: 1 3 5 7 Half Steps: S + 4 + 3 + 4 Notes for CM7: C E G B
This method of half steps is how you build all the seventh chords. The other five seventh chords are:
Minor Dominant Seventh
Minor Major Seventh
Diminished Dominant Seventh
Half Diminished Seventh
Learn how to construct these sevenths with
The Secrets of Seventh Chords Lesson
If you want to jazz up your compositions or your playing….
Then learning the ins and outs of seventh chords is a must and you should consider our Seventh Chords Workbook.
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