The names of intervals are stated in such terms
as a second, third, fourth, fifth, and continue up to fifthteenths as
was stated in the Music Theory of Intervals.
Interval Music Theory to Minors
Take a quick review of the Major Intervals
Making the Interval Minor
The 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 6th, and 7th can all be made minors by steping down
a half step.
you can get a minor 2nd, a minor 3rd, and a minor 6th.
the 5th when made flat is typically called a tritone or a flat 5, and
not very often referred to as a minor 5th, but more often as a
The 7th when made flat is
called a dominate 7th, which will be come more clear when we study
chord structure. It is sometimes refered to as a minor 7th.
Notice that we didn't call the 4th a minor. On the scale structure when
a fourth is made flat it is a major 3rd. Some will argue that it is
possible to have a minor 4th.
Techniquallly it might be applied when you have a minor 3rd and a minor
4th. Since this is a bit obsure at this point just stick with the the
Most often in relating to the 4th we migh augment it or raise it a half
step. It would be a sharp 4 (#4). And that is the same note
as the flat 5.
Working with the Minor Intervals
If we take our major intervals and flat or raise them as discussed
above the new ones become the m2nd, m3rd, +4th, dim5th, m6th, and a
The following measure shows the minor intervals for the C octave.
Here are the rules for finding minor intervals.
(1 half step)
(3 half steps)
(6 half steps)
(6 half steps)
(8 half steps)
(10 half steps)
The dominate Seventh is shown as just 7 referred to as minor 7 and